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Logic

Logic (λόγος in Greek, logos, "thought") is the most fundamental of all the Sciences and a major branch of Philosophy. Logic is the primary "proof" and method of Mathematics and all Language, leading to Arithmetic Geometry, Set Theory, and Computation, as well as...


Culture

Meatball, or "MeatballWiki", is a wiki dedicated to online communities, culture and hypermedia. Its original goal was to focus on collaborative hypermedia but topics have ranged from Intellectual Property to Cyberpunk to the confusion of URIs. Meatball also hosts various project journals, and in particular, has influenced much of...


Software

Introducing GetWiki 2.0 - With the ability to develop GetWiki fully independently of "legacy" concerns, GetWiki 2.0 has brought major improvements and changes to GetWiki 1.0. Beyond the endless bugfixes to the old MediaWiki codebase and Wikipedian origins, development stabilized for 1.0 and has since moved toward a few major...


Biographies

René Descartes (31 Mar 1596 - 11 Feb 1650), also known as Renatus Cartesius and dubbed "Father of Modern Philosophy", was a French philosopher crucial to Western Philosophy in the fields of Metaphysics and Philosophy of Mind, and he was a key figure, with Francis Bacon and others, in the Scientific Revolution. Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy...


Logic

A rhema or a rheme (also "relative term" and "topic comment"), is a logical term that requires reference to any number of other objects, called the correlates of the term, in order to denote a definite object, called the relate (pronounced with the accent on the first syllable) of the relative term in question. A relative term is typically expressed in ordinary language...


Philosophical Studies

Epistemology is the branch of Philosophy dealing with the nature, origin and scope of Knowledge, and Method in obtaining Knowledge. Some consensus exists as to which epistemological methods give human beings the most accurate understanding of the truth (rather...


History of Philosophy

The Renaissance as a movement and Philosophy is described as the reaching back for classical models in Medieval Europe, the search for naturalism over stylism in Art, the reemergence of Mathematics as intimately related to...


Books

The book Laws of Form (hereinafter abbreviated LoF), by G. Spencer-Brown, describes three distinct logical systems: The primary arithmetic (described in Chapter 4), which can be interpreted as Boolean arithmetic; The primary algebra (Chapter 6), which can be interpreted via two-element Boolean algebra (hereinafter...


Culture

Freshmeat (freshmeat.net) is a website that allows programmers of POSIX tools and their users to find each other. Programmers register their projects and inform the site about updates; users browse for software and download and (sometimes) rate or comment on the software. Software is categorized by field of application, license, development status, environment,...


Biographies

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1 Jul 1646 - 14 Nov 1716) was a German philosopher and mathematician, writing primarily in Latin and French, who, independently of Newton, invented Calculus, invented the Binary Number System, and was a contributor to a vast array of subjects, including Philosophy, Physics, Technology,...


GetWiki

GetWiki Administrators - Proteus


History of Philosophy

Please contribute to this page Often overlooked, the time after the great ancient philosophers was rich with philosophical activity, rediscovery of ancient writing, and challenges to tradition. Hellenistic Philosophers - Cicero Zeno of Citium Epictetus Epicurus Lucretius Empedocles The Neo-Platonists: Ammonius...


Biographies

John Locke (29 Aug 1632 - 28 Oct 1704) was an English physician and philosopher and a key Enlightenment influence. After Francis Bacon and Thomas Hobbes, Locke developed Empiricism as a strong response to Cartesian Dualism and Rationalism, and a new Contract Theory in response to the...


GetWiki

"Plug" Simplicity - Does anybody really need all those links and functions? Sometimes, I'm not so sure, and some wiki software is far more bare-bones, much prettier to look at. GetWiki is certainly simple to use, but in developing "Plug", the application now running rimric.com for free book reviews and news/discussion of small press titles, I'm now...


History of Philosophy

Chinese Philosophy has a history of several thousand years. Its origins are often traced back to the Yi Jing (commonly spelled "I Ching"), an ancient compendium of divination, which introduced some of the most fundamental terms of Chinese Philosophy. Its age can only be estimated, but it certainly draws from an oracular tradition that goes back to Neolithic...


Truth Theory

Pragmatic theory of truth refers to those accounts, definitions, and theories of the concept truth that distinguish the philosophies of pragmatism and pragmaticism. The conception of truth in question varies along lines that reflect the influence of several thinkers, initially and notably, Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey, but a number of common...


Philosophical Studies

Semiosis is any form of activity, conduct, or process that involves signs, including the production of meaning. The term was introduced by Charles Sanders Peirce (1839?1914) to describe a process that interprets signs as referring to their objects, as described in his theory of sign relations, or semiotics. Other theories...


Technology

A regular expression (abbreviated as regexp or regex) is a string that describes a whole set of strings, according to certain syntax rules. These expressions are used by many text editors and utilities (especially in the Unix...


GetWiki

In Mathematics, a set of symbols is frequently used in mathematical expressions. As mathematicians are familiar with these symbols, they are not explained each time they are used. So, for mathematical novices, the following table lists many common symbols together with their name, pronunciation and related field of Mathematics. Additionally, the third column contains an informal...


Software

GetWiki was first developed early in 2004 to "get wiki" content from site to site. At the time, MediaWiki appeared to be a more intuitive and user-friendly application than other Wiki-engines, full of features, actively tested and improved by dedicated developers from around the world. However, this does not mean improvements...


Philosophical Studies

Dynamism is term of philosophy and science coined by Gottfried Leibniz (16461716) and developed into a full system of cosmology. Dynamism describes that what exists are simple elements, or for Leibniz, monads, and groups of elements which have only the essence of forces. Interaction between elements takes place without contact, through modes or...


Information Theory

This article develops the theory of relations in regard to its specifically combinatorial aspects. For a general discussion of the basic definitions, see the articles on binary relations and relations in mathematics. Relations fall into various types according to their specific properties, often as expressed in the axioms or...


History of Philosophy

Eastern Philosophy is a diverse body of approaches to life and philosophizing, particularly centered on understanding the process of the Universe and the endless "becoming". In Western culture, the term Eastern Philosophy refers very broadly to the various...


Science

There are many definitions of complexity, therefore many natural, artificial and abstract objects or networks can be considered to be complex systems, and their study (complexity science) is highly interdisciplinary. Examples of complex systems include ant-hills, ants themselves, human economies, nervous systems, cells and living things,...


History of Philosophy

Christian Philosophy is a two-millennia tradition of rational thought as applied to the Christian tradition. No survey article can do more than touch on the most major figures and traditions, each of which are covered in articles of their own. Also there has been considerable interaction with Jewish Philosophy and Islamic Philosophy that continues into the modern era, e.g. Modern...

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