Categories and Facets
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Immanuel Kant (22 Apr 1724 - 12 Feb 1804)
was a Prussian (German) philosopher, generally
regarded as the most major figure in Modern
Philosophy, put alongside Plato and Aristotle from Ancient
Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (1 Jul 1646 -
14 Nov 1716) was a German philosopher and mathematician,
writing primarily in Latin and French, who,
independently of Newton, invented Calculus, invented the
Binary Number System,
and was a contributor to a vast array of
subjects, including Philosophy, Physics, Technology,... ...
Baruch Benedict de Spinoza (24 Nov 1632 - 21
Feb 1677) was a Dutch philosopher of a
Portuguese Jewish family, whose
controversial metaphysical ideas
led to cherem (removal) against him from
Jewish Society, and his works were banned by
the Vatican. ...
George Berkeley (12 Mar 1685 - 14 Jan 1753,
and pronounced: "Barkly") was an Anglo-Irish
advanced a theory of "Immaterialism" and was
known as the good "Bishop Berkeley". ...
Plato (428-27 - 348-47 BC) was a major
Greek thinker in Ancient Philosophy, a student
of Socrates, founder of the
first Academy, and with his
student Aristotle and the most
philosopher Kant, is still
considered one of the singularly important thinkers of all... ...
Aristotle (384-322 BC) was a major Greek
thinker in Ancient Philosophy, a student
of Plato (who was student of
Socrates) and a teacher
of Alexander the Great. ...
René Descartes (31 Mar 1596 - 11 Feb
1650), also known as Renatus Cartesius and
dubbed "Father of Modern Philosophy", was a
French philosopher crucial to
Western Philosophy in the
fields of Metaphysics and Philosophy of
Mind, and he was a key figure, with Francis Bacon and
others, in the Scientific Revolution. ...
Thomas Hobbes (5 Apr 1588 - 4 Dec 1679) was
an English political philosopher,
most famous for his book Leviathan (1651),
and his view of a "state of nature" to avoid,
a life "brutish, nasty and short". ...
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